The Main Different Types Of Construction
Construction entails so much noise, different kinds of materials, and labor, whereby you find different people in the construction who have to contain various skills for the project’s success. Therefore, we must understand that construction structures can also be classified in various ways; by category, owner, occupancy, and fire protection.
Contractor estimating software (https://conwize.io)in every construction project helps control the budget regardless of your construction classification.
Four main types of construction that are popularly known include; residential, commercial, industrial, and infrastructure. Types of construction tend to be different altogether. The main point of analyzing the different construction categories is to classify them differently.
Apart from these four major types of construction we already know, other well-known types of construction are classified under fire resistance.
The Five Types Of Building Construction –Fire Resistance Ratings
Fire resistance classification of building construction revolves around the important range of fire resistance a structure contains.
Type 1 Construction- Fire Resistive
This classification falls under every building that is 75 feet tall. All high-rise buildings and business spaces fall in this category. All apartment structures, offices, and hotels are in this category. These structures are constructed to fight increased temperatures for long durations without crumbling down.
Apart from that, all construction pieces of equipment are nonflammable. Walls, floors, and roofs are structured with pre-stressed concrete and defensive steel. These characters make these structures long-lasting, whereby they also maximize the costs of construction.
Most type 1 constructions have an HVAC network and self-constraint stairwells to ensure a fire does not spread. These elements make it not hard to access a building and blow out the fire. When accessing this structure, their main goal turns around stairwells to carry out a safeguarded eviction.
Type 2 Construction- Non-Combustible
Type 2 constructions have nonflammable walls, partitions, pillars, floors, and roofs. Although these buildings contain fire extinguisher systems, they are not regularly safeguarded with non-combustible surfaces and are liable to collapse. They generally contain metal floors and roofs, with brick walls or tilt-slab walls.
If firefighters are asked to enter a type 2 structure, their main concern will be to air the building to prevent an acute rise in temperatures.
Type 3 Construction- Ordinary
The ordinary type of construction contains either inclination or supported masonry walls. These pieces of equipment are fire-retardant. This means that some interior construction elements are made with wood or flammable materials. You can come across ordinary constructions in both old and new designs.
Old buildings typically have normal framed roofs, while newer houses are normally constructed with lightweight roof formations. One of the advantages involved with ordinary construction is that ventilation is available.
Type 4 Construction- Heavy Timber
Heavy timber constructions are built with a large section of timber, linked using metal boards and bolts. This practice makes heavy timber construction not hard to identify. These structures demand that old features meet particular dimensional requirements.
Support in heavy timber construction must be 8 inches thick. Heavy slabs used for roofs and floors must be 6 inches thick. Firefighters will need large volumes of water to quench a fire in this type of building. Metal articulated connections can also lead to a swift increase in fire.
Type Five Construction –Wood Frame
Wood frame constructions are the most explosive type of all the others. It is the only type of construction that permits burnable exterior walls and flammable structural factors on the interior. Frames, walls, and roofs are constructed with wood. These building components are easily developed and more frequent in-home units and garages.
Knowing your project type will help determine the kind of agreement, materials, and particulars needed.