Tinnitus is referred to as the perception and hearing of different sounds in the ears of affected persons, although there is no external source of the sound. The sounds which the affected person is hearing can be of different types, such as ringing, clicking, buzzing, whistling, etc. there are also cases of tinnitus where the affected patients have claimed to hear music on a constant or temporary basis.
Tinnitus is a common disease in the United States, where almost 15% of the population suffers from tinnitus of different severity.
How Tinnitus Affects People Hear Sound?
To understand the phenomenon of tinnitus, we must first understand how the sound works in our brain and identify it. Our ears detect sound in vibrations of cells and muscles, convert it into electrical signals, and send it to the brain. Any disturbance in these cells or membrane beating can cause ear diseases, including tinnitus. Also, many other functions and reactions are happening in the body, the sound of which can not reach the ears under standard conditions using protective muscles. The damage to these muscles can also make the sound match the ears, which can cause the hearing of different sounds. But the latter issue is the rare one.
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Types Of Tinnitus
There are two main types of tinnitus based on the use of sound or the cause of the disease:
It is a common type of tinnitus that is only audible to the affected patient. It is pure electrochemical or inside the ear phenomena, and the other person near the patient can not hear it no matter how hard they try. 99% of all the registered cases of tinnitus fall under this type.
It is a scarce category of tinnitus disease where the source of sound is somewhere within the body, and the sound reaches the ears by damaging some protective membrane or muscles. The person other than the patient can also hear the sound coming out of the patient’s body under favorable conditions. The leading causes of this type include the damage of the vascular or muscular system. Only 1% of the reported cases of tinnitus fall under this category.
Severity Of Tinnitus
The severity of tinnitus depends on various parameters, such as loudness of hearing, the frequency and intensity of the hearing sound, and the duration of tinnitus. Tinnitus can remain for a short period after hearing loud music or a burst of sound, or it can be permanent by the damage in the auditory system. There are two main types of tinnitus based on durations: temporary and chronic (permanent) tinnitus.
Temporary tinnitus is considered far less severe than chronic tinnitus. Some conditions cause temporary tinnitus that happens after some time or in specific situations. Such as in traffic, during a bath, the hearing good music. E to another rear of tinnitus severity is the loudness of the hearing noise. In most cases, the affected person’s noise is just some background whistle or buzzing, but sometimes it could be a loud noise above the external sound sources.
There are also cases where low noise is more severe than a loud noise, mainly when the sound is produced from the body and not by electrical or vibrational disturbance.
Symptoms And Effects Of Tinnitus
The main symptoms of tinnitus by which other people around him can determine the condition of the patient include
- Concentration issues in work.
- Lack of sleep ( insomnia )
- Hurdles in recognition of external sounds.
- Physical stress
The people already dealing with Meniere’s disease have high chances of getting tinnitus which has more severe and noticeable symptoms.
Causes Of Tinnitus
Tinnitus is a condition caused by the effect of many diseases, injuries, trauma, or other medical conditions. It may be a symptom of any other illness. The cause of tinnitus can be:
Hearing loss is the most common and dominant cause of tinnitus. Some researchers even believe that tinnitus can only be caused by auditory damage to some extent. The aftermath of temporary or permanent hearing loss may include the condition of hearing loss. Hearing loss is generally caused by:
The hearing abilities deteriorate with time. As people get older, their sense of hearing also degrades and can cause tinnitus which commonly occurs in both ears. The age factor of hearing loss explains the increase in tinnitus with age, especially after 60 years.
Traumatic Or Accidental
The age factor causes hearing loss, but other factors contribute to hearing loss and tinnitus. Any loud sound or nearby exposure can cause temporary or permanent hearing loss and cause the same traumatic sound to be heard repeatedly.
The noise-dependent hearing loss may be caused by working in noisy areas without ear protection, loud concerts or music events, or the accident causing the sound burst. The hearing loss and tinnitus in this condition generally affect only one ear.
The hurdles in the ear canal or any part of the ear can also cause it to vibrate and cause tinnitus. Also, the eardrum disturbance can cause it to occur. There can be excess ear wax or, most commonly, dirt or external objects in the ear, which can cause tinnitus.
Upper Body Injury
Severe injury by accident or any other source can damage the muscles and tissues around the ear, which causes tinnitus. The damage to the head, neck, or teeth can cause the sound to be heard, especially in the movement. The tinnitus by this cause can be variable in severity at different times and is often referred to as Somatic Tinnitus.
Extreme shock or brain damage in an accident or other cause can also cause tinnitus. This cause of tinnitus is most in army veterans and is often referred to as TBI (Traumatic Brain Injury).
Medicine Side Effects
There are cases in which tinnitus is caused by taking medicine. However, tinnitus in this condition is generally temporary and only lasts a few minutes or hours after taking medication. These types of treatment include cancer medicine or some heavy antibiotics.
Tinnitus may also be the symptom of other diseases such as cardiovascular or muscular disorder, depression or anxiety, and various other diseases.
There is no definite cure for tinnitus, but by taking some precautions, the chances of tinnitus can be somewhat minimized. Proper ear protection is the primary precaution for tinnitus when going in noisy conditions. Tinnitus is the most common cause of hearing loss and extreme noise conditions.