Cumulation and improper management of waste causes a lot of problems and is hazardous for the environment. What is waste management? It is the collection, disposal and transportation of garbage and other waste materials. The processing of solid and liquid waste is done separately. Opportunities to recycle are maximised, filtering out all the reusable substances. The main goal is to reduce total waste by recycling and reusing as many things as possible. This approach is vital in today’s environmental climate. This practice is important at all levels. From rubbish removal service at the household level to chemical waste management at factories, waste management should be practised at all levels for it to be efficient. This is important in maintaining the cleanliness of the world.
Waste is classified into different types for proper treatment and disposal. These are mainly human and animal waste, solid waste, liquid waste, industrial waste, and agricultural waste. Without this classification, proper management of waste is not possible. Such grouping makes it easier to process waste in large quantities. The modernisation of equipment has also boosted the efficiency of waste management.
Common Practices in Waste Management
The waste is treated differently based on its classification. The differentiation in processing ensures that substances are appropriately treated and disposed of or recycled. Here are some standard methods of waste management.
- Dumping methods – Dumping methods are probably the most popular in managing waste. Incineration and landfills are the most common of these techniques. Landfills are large pits where garbage is dumped. These pits are required to be far away from residential areas. Incineration is the burning of waste to get different products like ash, water and steam. This can be done at an individual level.
- Recycling – Many products these days are made with recyclable materials. This allows the used/damaged product to be processed to reuse the materials again. Biological reprocessing is also an option in the case of organic wastes. This converts plant wastes to compost or for agricultural needs.
- Collection and Transportation – This is a crucial step that is often overlooked. Negligence in the proper collection of waste can lead to unhealthy surroundings, which can cause problems like diseases and pest infestations. The systematic collection and disposal of waste are the responsibilities of the government. A rubbish removal service can also be employed in case of large amounts of waste at an individual level or for factory level waste management.
While these methods are efficient and are good at what they aim to do, they are no match for the amount and variety of waste being put out. This gave way to the birth of more modern methods which manages waste more efficiently in more innovative ways. Some examples are as follows.
- Waste to Energy – As the name suggests, this method converts waste into heat or electricity. This is a significant leap forward in both waste management and sustainable usage of resources. These are practically risk-free, with much fewer carbon emission than fossil fuels.
- Bioremediation – In this method, bio-friendly microbes are used to break down waste into harmless materials. These microbes help in the degradation of waste. The only problem with this method is that it takes a lot of time. This is because it is hard to speed up the natural rate of degradation.
Waste management has countless benefits, from having a better and cleaner environment to creating more jobs. It reduces pollution, which in turn has several advantages like fewer illnesses. One can manage household waste by getting help from rubbish removal service. Proper management of waste also goes a long way in the conservation of energy. All this is necessary for the sustainable use of resources. This will ensure that the earth will be a welcoming home for future generations.