What are the symptoms and causes of tooth decay?

Teeth with cavities and decay are so common that you may not notice them. More importantly, you might think that it doesn’t matter if your child has cavities. However, in any case, cavities and tooth decay can cause real and lasting complications for children who do not yet have permanent teeth. You should be careful and take them for a consultation with a pediatric dentist in Dubai if you are in Dubai.

Symptoms of decay may include:

  • Pain
  • Grinding of teeth
  • swelling or discharge around the tooth
  • Damaged or broken teeth
  • Biting problems
  • Weight loss or eating problems due to pain or discomfort when eating or chewing
  • Toothache
  • Mild or severe pain when eating or drinking anything sweet, hot, or cold
  • Visible decay or holes in the teeth
  • Dull, dark, or white discoloration of any tooth surface
  • Crack when clenched tightly

How does it happen?

Tooth decay is a damaged area where a small crack or hole forms on the hard surface. Several components cause it: microorganisms in the mouth, constant eating, sugary drinking drinks, and improper brushing.

Tooth decay is one of the most common medical problems in the world. It is prevalent in young people, teenagers, and adults. However, tooth decay can happen to anyone, including newborns.

You may not realize that your teeth are forming cavities. Therefore, it is essential to have a standard dental check-up and clean in the absence of any oral problems. However, if you experience tooth or mouth pain, see your doctor as soon as possible.

Keep in mind that dietary issues like anorexia and bulimia can prompt critical tooth decay and cavities. Stomach corrosive from continued regurgitating (cleansing) washes over the teeth and starts dissolving the polish. Dietary issues likewise can meddle with salivation creation.

Plaque is a sticky film that coats the teeth. It is caused by overeating sugar and starch and by improper brushing. When sugar and starch are not removed from the teeth, microorganisms quickly use them and form plaque. The plaque left on the teeth thickens under or above the gum line and becomes tartar. Tartar makes plaque challenging to remove and provides protection for microscopic organisms.

“Plaque attack.” The acids in plaque remove the minerals from the hardened plaque from the outside of the tooth. This erosion leads to minor cracks or holes in the polished layer – the initial stage of chipping. The erosion of the veneer space allows microorganisms and destructive substances to penetrate the basal layer of the tooth, known as dentin. This layer is softer than the veneer and is less susceptible to erosion. Dentin has small cylinders that come into direct contact with the nerves of the tooth, causing impact. The damage continues. As the decay progresses, germs and corrosive substances continue to move through the tooth and through the tooth tissue (filling), which contains the nerves and veins. The pulp expands and forms tiny organisms inside. As the harmful growths grow inside the tooth, the nerves are blocked, causing extreme pain. The disease can even spread outwards from the roots of the tooth, deep inside.


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