What is the difference between Data Mining and Data Science?
Introduction to Data Mining
Data mining, also referred to as Knowledge Discovery in Data (KDD), is the process of revealing patterns and other valuable information from large datasets. Amidst the development of data warehousing technology and the growth of big data, the adoption of data mining technology has accelerated rapidly over the past few decades, helping companies transform raw data into practical knowledge. However, even though the technology constantly evolves to process enormous amounts of data, executives still face scalability and automation challenges.
The data mining process involves multiple steps, from data collection to visualization to extract valuable information from large datasets. Data mining techniques are used to form descriptions and forecasts for target datasets. Data scientists describe data through observations of patterns, associations, and correlations. It also uses classification and regression methods to classify and group data to identify outliers for use cases such as spam detection.
Data mining has improved corporate decision-making through insightful data analysis. The data mining techniques underlying these analyses can be divided into two principal objectives. You can write a target dataset or use machine learning algorithms to predict the outcome. These methods are employed to organize and filter data to display the most exciting information, from fraud detection to user behavior and bottlenecks to security breaches.
Introduction to Data Science
Data science is evolving as one of the most promising and reliable career paths for professionals. Today, successful data professionals know that they need to overcome traditional big data analytics, data mining, and programming skills. To reveal valuable information for an organization, data scientists have the complete range of the data science lifecycle and a level of flexibility and understanding to maximize profits at every stage of the process.
Data science covers a variety of disciplines and themes, providing an overall, thorough, and sophisticated look at raw data. Data scientists ought to be familiar with all areas of data engineering, mathematics, statistics, advanced computing, and visualization. They allow you to screen a cluttered amount of information effectively and convey only the most crucial parts that help you innovate and increase efficiency. Data Scientists also depend heavily on artificial intelligence, especially machine learning and deep learning subfields, to build models and make predictions using algorithms and other techniques.
Key Differences Between Data Mining and Data Science
Here are some significant differences between Data Mining and Data Science:
- The term data science has been in use since the 1960s, but data mining became popular in the database community in the 1990s.
- Perhaps the most significant
- those terms. Data science covers a wide range of fields, including the process of collecting, analyzing, and extracting knowledge. Data mining, on the other hand, is primarily about finding helpful information in a dataset and using.
- Another critical an interdisciplinary field consisting of statistics, social sciences, data visualization, natural language processing, data mining, etc. The latter is a subset of the former.
- The role of a data science expert, to some extent, can be seen as a combination ofAI researchers, deep learning engineers, machine learning engineers, or data analysts. The person can also act as a data engineer. On the contrary, data mining professionals do not have to play all these roles.
- Another remarkable is the type of data these professionals use. Data science typically deals with all types of data, whether structured, semi-structured, or unstructured. Data mining, on the other hand, primarily deals with structured data.
- Given the nature of work in the community, we can notice another difference. In data science,not only finding and analyzing patterns but historical data is an essential element of data mining.
- Data science focuses on the science of data, but data mining is primarily process-related.
Data Mining and Data Science Comparison Table
|Data Mining||Data Science|
|It is a Technique.||It is an Area.|
|It focuses on business processes.||It focuses on Scientific study.|
|The sole purpose of data mining is to identify previously unknown trends.||The purpose of data science is social analysis, construction of predictive models, discovering unknown facts, etc.|
|Anyone with knowledge of data navigation and statistical understanding can do data mining.||To become a data scientist, you need to understand machine learning, programming, and infographic techniques and have knowledge of the field.|
|Data mining can be a subset of data science because mining activity is part of the data science pipeline.||
Interdisciplinary- Data Science consists of data visualization, computational social science, statistics, data mining, normal language dispensation, and more.
|It is also called Data Archaeology, Information Harvesting, Information Discovery, Knowledge Extraction.||It is also called Data-driven Science.|
|It deals with the most structured data.||It deals with all forms that are structured, semi-structured, and unstructured.|
|The key is to extract essential and valuable information from your data.||t concerns collecting, processing, analyzing, and using data for various operations. It’s more conceptual.|
|This technique is part of the database process (KDD) knowledge discovery.||It is a subject such as computer science, applied statistics, or applied mathematics.|
|This subset of data science is a mining activity in the data science pipeline.||This is a superset of data mining, as data science consists of data disposal, cleansing, visualization, statistics, and many other techniques.|
There you go! I hope this article improved your knowledge by stating the prominent differences between data science and data mining and the context you need to use them. Remember that there is no formal and accurate definition of data science and data mining. There is still debate between academia and industry as to what the exact definition is. However, the differences and explanations for the two terms discussed in this article are all on the same page. Check out the Data Science course offered by Great Learning.
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