The cultivation of cannabis seeds represents a very delicate subject. By clarifying it, it is possible to understand what the conduct not punished by the law may be and when home production represents a crime or not. For more information and an overview of the cannabis seed legislation, see the following article.
In fact, it happens more and more often to want to buy hemp seeds to start a cultivation at home but without, ultimately, being really sure to behave in compliance with the provisions of our legal system.
The issue of cannabis cultivation has long been the subject of continuous debates that have seen the alternation of different jurisprudential rulings, very often in conflict with each other. This convoluted topic has also been dealt with at the European level and some unique and recognized companies have been leading the market, such as the famous SensorySeeds shop.
Here is everything you need to know about it and what have been the recent regulatory implications that finally allow the home cultivation of cannabis without suffering unpleasant consequences and penalties.
Cannabis seeds cultivation according to national and European legislation
Analysing in detail what the Irish and European law have on cannabis is significant for all those who intend to buy quality seeds, useful for indoor cultivation. Only by having a clear idea of what the legislator currently disposes can one be certain not to engage in conduct prohibited by law, resulting in penalties, including prison sentences.
All you need to know about cannabis seeds and their cultivation
At present, the cultivation of cannabis in a strictly industrial field is seen, at least by the European legislator, as a very positive practice, so much so that various economic aid and subsidies have already been allocated to authorized farmers who deal with this activity in the compliance with certain conditions.
Specifically, in fact, the European Community considers the cultivation of marijuana to be very important. Plants are now used in many sectors, think not only of cosmetics or textiles, but also of green building. In this regard, pursuant to Regulation no. 1306 of 2013, the Community supports farms that are involved in producing cannabis species that boast limited concentrations of THC. These values must be less than or equal to 0.2%. All botanical varieties with these THC levels have been officially listed in another European regulation, namely No. 639 of 2014. This means that only farms that cultivate plantations that meet certain requirements can obtain the subsidy allocated by the Community agricultural policy.
Hemp in Ireland: industrial and food use
Knowing the complex Irish regulatory framework, also enriched by the numerous rulings of the Court that have followed one another recently, will make it easier to understand when the cultivation of cannabis may or may not constitute a punishable crime. The first thing to do is to be clear about the THC concentrations permitted by national law for industrial cultivation and for the food use of hemp.
Ireland has legalized the cultivation of hemp for strictly industrial purposes and for this purpose, no authorization is required, as long as the plants used have THC values below 0.6%. Growers who do not comply with these requirements face a prison sentence of a minimum of 2 to a maximum of 6 years.
In 2019, our legislator also dealt with defining the THC limits that hemp must maintain when used for food use. Think, for example, of hemp seeds or extracts. The Ministry of Health, filling a previous gap, has therefore established precise thresholds, respecting which it will be possible to take hemp derivatives. Oils, for example, must have THC values below 0.5%. For flour and seeds, on the other hand, even lower concentrations are allowed, not exceeding 0.2%. This decision was followed by an expansion of hemp cultivation and the creation of new farms throughout the national territory.
Cannabis and legal home growing
The issue of growing cannabis varieties at home, on your balcony, on the terrace or in private environments is different. It must be borne in mind that our government has historically adopted a rather rigid position towards the production of domestic hemp.
This practice, for the Irish legislator, has essentially always represented a crime harming public health. Those who in the past have grown even modest quantities of hemp on the balcony or inside their home have suffered serious consequences of a criminal nature, although the products were intended for personal use.
All this went on until the recent European ruling, in which the judges admitted the cultivation of hemp within the home, but in compliance with certain conditions. More specifically, it must be a cultivation conducted with rudimentary methods, destined only to produce low quantities of product, useful for satisfying the mere personal use.
But each European government still have to make their own decision.
From this innovative pronunciation, it follows that the marketing of cannabis seeds with THC percentages that do not exceed 0.2% when intended for food use, and 0.6% when the plant is used to generate further seeds is now allowed.
Many political forces have fought to push our government to enact a law that can definitively and clearly regulate the marketing of seeds.
Today, however, there are platforms on which you can buy cannabis seeds in complete safety, without fear of suffering any sanctions. In any case, you have to be cautious because an e-commerce is not worth the other. Only some sites can be considered truly reliable, that is, able to guarantee quality, but also all useful and clear information regarding the origin of the products offered for sale.
Sensoryseeds.com, for example, represents a website that is highly appreciated by consumers, as it is highly specialized in the sale of feminized cannabis seeds and which boast characteristics in line with the legislation in force.